Yearly archives: 2020

76 posts

Poverty Reduction Strategies

Briefing Note of the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) Marcus Manuel, Liam Carson, Emma Samman and Martin Evan: Financing the reduction of extreme poverty post-Covid-19, November 2020. The Covid-19 pandemic has wiped out years of progress in ending extreme poverty: we forecast an additional 250 million people in extreme poverty by 2030 and expect that it will take 10 years of economic growth just to bring extreme poverty numbers back to where they were before the crisis.

Estimates on global poverty

Andy Sumner, Chris Hoy, and Eduardo Ortiz-Juarez: Estimates of the impact of COVID-19 on global poverty, in: WIDER Working Paper 2020/43, Aprril 2020. In this paper the authors make estimates of the potential short-term economic impact of COVID-19 on global monetary poverty through contractions in per capita household income or consumption. Their estimates are based on three scenarios: low, medium, and high global contractions of 5, 10, and 20 per cent; they calculate the impact of each of these scenarios on the poverty headcount using the international poverty lines of US$ 1.90, US$ 3.20 and US$ 5.50 per day. Our […]

Affects on inequality

Davide Furceri, Prakash Loungani, Jonathan D. Ostry and Pietro Pizzuto: Will Covid-19 affect inequality? Evidence from past pandemics, in: CEPR Press, Issue 12, Mai 1, 2020, p. 138-157. This paper provides evidence on the impact of major epidemics from the past two decades on income distribution. The authors’ results justify the concern that the current pandemic could end up exerting a significant impact on inequality: past events of this kind, even though much smaller in scale, have led to increases in the Gini coefficient, raised the income shares of higher income deciles, and lowered the employment-to-population ratio for those with […]

Seesen Appeal

The ver.di team delegates (Vereinigte Dienstleistungsgewerkschaft: United Services Trade Union) at the Askleipos Clinic in Seesen (Germany) are positioning themselves against the ruthless profit maximization by the commercial hospital group Askleipos and are fighting for the best possible patient care. Endorsed by solidary, prominent first supporters, they are looking for further supporters to join their demands.

Impact on Jobs and Incomes in G20 Economies

International Labour Orgnaization (ILO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (ed.): The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on jobs and incomes in G20 economies. ILO-OECD paper prepared at the request of G20 Leaders. Saudi Arabia’s G20 Presidency 2020, August 2020, online in:–en/index.htm. Joint ILO-OECD Covid-19 report, prepared for the 3rd Employment Working Group (EWG) meeting under the Saudi G20 Presidency (virtual meeting, 19-20 August 2020).

The World of Work: Impact and Policy Responses

International Labour Organziation (Hg.): ILO-Monitor. COVID-19 and the world of work. Sixth edition. Updated estimates and analysis, online in:–en/index.htm, September 23, 2020. The ILO note provides the International Labor Organization‘s (ILO) preliminary assessment concerning the possible impacts of COVID-19 on the world of work and proposes a range of policy options to mitigate these impacts and facilitate a strong and rapid recovery. This sixth note is part of a continuously updated series. Updates will be made as new data and information become available in this rapidly evolving situation.

The Justinianic Plague

Forum: Zeiterfahrung: Mischa Meier: Die Justinianische Pest – im Spiegel der Covid-19-Pandemie betrachtet (The Justinianic Plague – seen in the mirror of the Covid 19 pandemic), in: H-Soz-Kult, 27.11.2020, online in: (Stand: 14.12.2020). Based on the basic assumption that the experience of the Covid-19 pandemic has framed the subjects of his own research in a new way, the author of the article examines the Justinianic Plague on the basis of four texts from late antiquity and with the help of a theoretical model of the Tübingen Sonderforschungsbereich 923 “Bedrohte Ordnungen” (Collaborative Research Centre (CRC) 923 “Threatened Order – Societies […]

Culture and solidarity

Culture and solidarity are food for soul and body: A plea for a dignified basic income – or why there must be no losers in this global pandemic by Konstantin Wecker From the beginning, Konstantin Wecker passionately fought for global solidarity in the fight against Covid-19. To this day he remains firmly convinced that there can be no losers in this global pandemic. That is why Konstantin Wecker has written and recorded a current plea for a decent basic income and an immediate rent freeze:

Thesis Paper 6.10 of German public health experts

Matthias Schrappe, Hedwig François-Kettner, Matthias Gruhl, Dieter Hart, Franz Knieps, Philip Manow, Holger Pfaff, Klaus Püschel, Gerd Glaeske: Thesenpapier 6. Teil 6.1: Epidemiologie. Die Pandemie durch SARS-CoV-2/CoViD-19. Zur Notwendigkeit eines Strategiewechsels (Thesis Paper 6. Part 6.1: Epidemiology. The pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2/CoViD-19. On the necessity of a change of strategy), Thesenpapier Version 6.10 Köln, Berlin, Bremen, Hamburg November 22, 2020.

The Pandemic System

Paolo Barcello: Interview with Francesca Nava. The Pandemic System (Il sistema della pandemia), first publicated in Italian in: Erbacce. Forme di vita resistenti ai diserbanti (November 7, 2020), online in: As a freelance journalist and documentary filmmaker for Rai 3 Presadiretta, TPI and other newspapers, Francesca Nava closely followed the spread of the pandemic in her native Bergamo. She has drawn from it various studies and a book, “Il Focolaio. From Bergamo to National Infection” (Laterza publishing house), which now seems all the more important in view of a new increase in cases, hospitals under pressure, new containment measures. […]

Criticism of current vaccine studies

Peter Doshi: Will covid-19 vaccines save lives? Current trials aren’t designed to tell us, in: BMJ 2020;371:m4037 (21 October 2020). Publicly accepted criteria for a vaccine are a) reduction of hospital admissions and mortality, b) stopping transmission and c) safety of the vaccine or its side effects. In his report, Peter Doshi asks what it means when a vaccine is declared effective.

Pandemics & Protectionism

Nina Boberg-Fazlic, Markus Lampe, Maja Uhre Pedersen, Paul Sharp: Pandemics and Protectionism: Evidence from the “Spanish” flu, in: CAGE working paper No. 479, June 2020. There has been much speculation about the impact of COVID-19 on recent trends towards international isolationism, but according to the authors of this article, that remains to be seen. They assume that valuable evidence can be gained from the “Spanish” flu of 1918-20.

Open letter to the government factions

No dilution of the legislative initiative on the meat industry! On October 29th, the German Bundestag was to pass the Federal Government’s draft for the Occupational Safety and Health Control Act in the meat industry in its last reading. Under pressure from parts of the CDU/CSU, the vote has now been postponed. The opponents of the draft law want to prevent, among other things, the planned ban on temporary work.

Effects on payment

Loretta J. Mester: Payments and the Pandemic. Keynote Speech: 20th Anniversary Chicago Payments Symposium – Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago,  September 23, 2020. In her keynote speech, Loretta J. Mester, President and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, discussed the impact of the Covid 19 pandemic on the US payments industry. In order to address the payment traffic problems associated with the pandemic, the FedNow real-time payment system should be developed, to which every US citizen and company should be connected. Mester also advocates the introduction of a digital currency by the central banks.

Thesis paper 5.0 of German public health experts

Matthias Schrappe, Hedwig François-Kettner, Matthias Gruhl, Dieter Hart, Franz Knieps, Philipp Manow, Holger Pfaff, Klaus Püschel, Gerd Glaeske: Thesenpapier 5.0. Die Pandemie durch SARS-CoV-2/Covid-19. Spezifische Prävention als Grundlage der „Stabilen Kontrolle“ der SARS-CoV-2-Epidemie [Thesis paper 5.0. The pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2/Covid-19. Specific prevention as the basis for “stable control” of the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic], Köln, Berlin, Bremen, Hamburg (25. Oktober 2020).

Thesis paper 4.0 of German public health experts

Matthias Schrappe, Hedwig François-Kettner, Matthias Gruhl, Dieter Hart, Franz Knieps, Philipp Manow, Holger Pfaff, Klaus Püschel, Gerd Glaeske: Thesenpapier 4.0 Die Pandemie durch SARS-CoV-2/Covid-19 – der Übergang zur chronischen Phase – Verbesserung der Outcomes in Sicht Stabile Kontrolle: Würde und Humanität wahren Diskursverengung vermeiden: Corona nicht politisieren [Thesis Paper 4.0 The Pandemic through SARS-CoV-2/Covid-19 – the Transition to the Chronic Phase – Improving Outcomes in Sight Stable Control. Maintaining dignity and humanity. Avoid narrowing of discourse. Do not politicize Corona], Köln, Berlin, Bremen, Hamburg (30. August 2020).

Thesis paper 3.0 of German public health experts

Matthias Schrappe, Hedwig François-Kettner, Matthias Gruhl, Dieter Hart, Franz Knieps, Holger Pfaff, Klaus Püschel, Gerd Glaeske: Thesenpapier 3.0. Die Pandemie durch SARS-CoV-2/Covid-19 – eine erste Bilanz – Strategie: Stabile Kontrolle des Infektionsgeschehens. Prävention: Risikosituationen erkennen. Bürgerrechte: Rückkehr zur Normalität (Thesis paper 3.0. The pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2/Covid-19 – an initial assessment – Strategy: Stable control of the infection process. Prevention: Identifying risk situations. Civil rights: Return to normality), Köln, Berlin, Bremen, Hamburg, 28. Juni 2020.

Ad hoc statement of German public health experts

Matthias Schrappe, Hedwig François-Kettner, Matthias Gruhl, Dieter Hart, Franz Knieps, Philip Manow, Holger Pfaff, Klaus Püschel, Gerd Glaeske: Ad hoc-Stellungnahme. Die Pandemie durch SARS-CoV-2/Covid-19 – Gleichgewicht und Augenmaß behalten [Ad hoc statement. The pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2/Covid-19 – Keeping balance and sense of proportion], Köln, Berlin, Bremen, Hamburg October 2020.

Unemployment Insurance Replacement Rates

Peter Ganong, Pascal Noel, Joseph Vavra: US Unemployment Insurance Replacement Rates During the Pandemic, in: BFI-WP, Nr. 2020-62, May 2020. The authors used microdata on income together with details of the U.S. unemployment insurance system of each state under the CARES Act to calculate the overall distribution of current insurance benefits.